David McCullough

  • Aired:  07/13/11
  •  | Views: 17,573

David McCullough explains why 19th century Americans moved to Paris rather than stay in the states and appreciate American mayonnaise. (5:58)

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]

>> Stephen: WELCOME BACK,

EVERYBODY.

MY GUEST TONIGHT IS A WORLD

FAMOUS HISTORIAN WHO HAS WRITTEN

A NEW BOOK ABOUT AMERICANS IN

PARIS.

IF IT'S ANYTHING LIKE MY

EXPERIENCE THERE IT'S ABOUT

HAVING YOUR --

IF IT'S ANYTHING LIKE MY

EXPERIENCE THERE, IT'S ABOUT

HAVING YOUR SIOUXIE AND THE

BANSHEES CASSETTES STOLEN FROM

YOUR BACKPACK OUT OF THE YOUTH

HOSTEL.

PLEASE WELCOME DAVID MCCULLOUGH.

[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]

GOOD TO SEE YOU.

PLEASE.

GOOD TO HAVE YOU.

WHAT AN HONOR TO MEET YOU, SIR.

>> A WONDERFUL CHANCE TO BE WITH

YOU, THANK YOU.

>> Stephen: I HAVE TO SAY,

OBVIOUSLY I ADMIRE YOUR WRITING

AND COLLARSHIP BUT THE LOOK.

YOU HAVE REALLY GOT THAT WISE

OLD MAN THING DOWN!

>> THE OLD MAN!

>> Stephen: I GOTTA GET THAT

LOOK.

UNFORTUNATELY I AM CURSED WITH

ETERNAL YOUTH AND RAVEN HAIR.

[LAUGHTER]

THE NEW BOOK IS CALLED "THE

GREATER JOURNEY: AMERICANS IN

PARIS."

NOW THIS IS THE 19th CENTURY

AMERICANS GOING TO PARIS.

WHY WOULD THEY GO IN THE 19th

CENTURY?

>> ALMOST ALL THE PEOPLE I HAVE

READ ABOUT WERE YOUNG AMERICANS

OF TALENT AMBITIOUS TO EXCEL,

WRITER, PAINTERS, SCULPTORS,

ARCHITECTS AND PHYSICIANS,

DOCTORS.

>> Stephen: WHY GO TO FRANCE?

THAT SEEMS UNPATRIOTIC.

THEY SHOULD HAVE STAYED HERE AND

APPRECIATED AMERICAN THINGS LIKE

THE STATUE OF LIBERTY AND

MAYONNAISE.

CHECKMATE.

CHECKMATE.

[LAUGHTER]

WHY WOULD THEY GO THERE?

>> THE STATUE OF LIB BER TIP

HADN'T ARRIVED YET.

-- LIBERTY HADN'T ARRIVED YET.

THERE WERE NO SCHOOLS OF

ARCHITECTURE HERE.

MEDICAL TRAINING IN IN COUNTRY

WAS WOEFULLY BEHIND.

MOST AMERICAN DOCTORS HAD NOT

BEEN TO MEDICAL SCHOOL.

>> Stephen: NO?

>> AND TRAINED UNDER DOCTORS

THAT NEVER WENT.

>> Stephen: HOW DID IT HELP TO

GOOD TO FRANCE?

THEY WERE TEACHING MEDICINE IN

FRENCH.

>> THAT'S RIGHT THEY HAD TO

LEARN FRENCH TO ATTEND THE

SCHOOL THERE.

>> Stephen: WERE THEY JUST AS

SENATE TOY AS THEY ARE NOW?

THEY ARE CREEPING PEOPLE.

[LAUGHTER]

>> YOU HAVE TO REMEMBER THAT

FRNS AND THE UNITED STATES HAVE

BEEN IN VERY GOOD RELATIONSHIP

FOR OVER 200 YEARS.

THERE HAVE BEEN ROUGH TIME IT'S

BE SURE.

>> Stephen: OH, YEAH.

>> BUT WE WOULD NOT HAVE

SUCCEEDED WITH OUR REVOLUTIONARY

WAR OR INDEPENDENCE HAD IT NOT

BEEN FOR THE FINANCIAL HELP AND

MILITARY HELP OF THE FRENCH BOTH

ON LAND AND SEA AT THE SURRENDER

OF CORNWALLIS AT YORKTOWN, FOR

EXAMPLE, THE ARMY UNDER RORCHA

RORCHANMBEAU WAS LARGER THAN THE

ARMY UNDER WASHINGTON.

>> Stephen: I DON'T LIKE.

THAT WE'LLED IT THAT OUT.

WHAT DID WE GET BACK FROM THE

YOUNG THINKERS THAT WENT THERE?

>> WE GOT BACK NUMEROUS

PAINTINGS OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE

WHICH HANG IN THE GALLERIES AND

IN THE WHITE HOUSE AND

EVERYWHERE IN THE COUNTRY.

WE GOT BACK AN IDEA FOR

SOMETHING CALLED THE TELEGRAPH

WHICH SAMUEL F.B. MORSE CAME

BACK WITH STAOFRPBLGTS WE STOLE

THAT FROM THE FRENCH?

>> HE WAS INSPIRED BUT SOMETHING

HE HAD SEEN IN FRANCE BEFORE THE

TELEDBRF.

HE BROUGHT BACK PHOTOGRAPHY.

HE DIDN'T INVENT IT BUT HE HAD

SEEN IT.

THE FRENCHMAN WHO DEVELOPED

PHOTOGRAPHY --

>> Stephen: I THINK THAT WAS

KODAK.

I THINK IT WAS AN AMERICAN GUY

NAMED KODAK.

>> THEY BROUGHT BACK MEDICAL

PRACTICE AND TRAINING AND

EDUCATION THAT TRANSFORMED

AMERICAN MEDICINE AND THEY

BROUGHT BACK NOVELS THEY WROTE,

ARCHITECTURAL ABILITIES WHICH

ARE REFLECTED IN ALL OF OUR

CITIES.

FROM THEIR TRAINING AT THE ECOLE

THEY BROUGHT BACK STATUES AND

MUSIC AND IT CHANGED US.

AND THEY BROUGHT BACK -- ONE OF

THEM BROUGHT BACK A VERY

IMPORTANT IDEA ABOUT TREATING

AFTERRAN AMERICANS THE SAME WE

TREAT EVERYBODY ELSE.

THAT WAS CHARLES SUMNER.

>> Stephen: IN FRANCE WAS

THERE NO SLAVERY?

>> HE WAS WORKING HOW THE

STUDENT IT'S SORE BOON WERE

TREATED NO -- SORBONNE THAT WERE

AFTER KAREN AMERICAN WERE

TREATED NO DIFFERENTLY.

>> Stephen: BEFORE YOU GO, I

JUST WANT TO SAY THAT EVERYONE

KNOWS YOU ARE THE NARRATOR OF

SEVERAL KEN BURNS DOCUMENTARIES.

>> YES.

>>.

>> Stephen: AND YOU NARRATED

SEABISCUIT, I BELIEVE.

YOU HAVE A LOVELY VOICE THAT IS

CALM AND COMFORTING AND IT HAS

GRAVITAS AND I WAS HOPING TO

HAVE YOU READ A COUPLE THINGS

WITH YOUR VOICE AND GAVE THEM

THE -- GIVE THEM THE KIND OF

GRAVITAS THEY DESERVE.

>> SURE.

>> Stephen: YOU CAN START WITH

THAT ONE RIGHT THERE.

>> MY ANNA KOPBDA DON'T WANT

NONELESS YOU GOT BUNS HUN.

[LAUGHTER]

>> Stephen: DAVID

McCULLOUGH, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

>> I DON'T KNOW WHAT THAT MEANS.

>> Stephen: NEITHER DO I.

THE BOOK IS "