Jack Andraka

  • Aired:  10/30/13
  •  | Views: 44,046

16-year-old Jack Andraka explains how he devised a new way to detect cancer, which earned him the grand prize at the Intel International Science and Engineering Fair. (5:38)

>> Stephen: MY GUEST TONIGHTDETECTED AN EARLY DETECTION TEST

FOR PANCREATIC CANCER WHILESTILL IN HIGH SCHOOL.

TONIGHT HE'S SITTING AT THE COOLKIDS' TABLE.

TONIGHT PLEASE WELCOME JACKANDRAKA!

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)HEY, JACK, NICE TO MEET YOU!

SIT DOWN, SIT DOWN.

NICE TO HAVE YOU ON.

THIS IS A FANTASTIC STORY.

LET ME EXPLAIN A LITTLE BIT TOTHE PEOPLE WHO YOU ARE AND WHAT

YOU DID.

YOU'RE THE 2012 INTEL SCIENCEFAIR-- WHICH IS A NATIONAL

SCIENCE FAIR, RIGHT?

>> INTERNATIONAL.

>> Stephen: MY APOLOGIES.

INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FAIR.

YOU KICKED A LITTLEINTERNATIONAL BUTT IN THIS ONE.

GRAND PRIZE WINNINGS SCIENTISTAT AGE 16, RIGHT?

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)EXPLAIN TO THE GOOD PEOPLE WHAT

YOUR INVENTION DID?

>> SO ESSENTIALLY WHAT I CREATEDWAS A NEW WAY TO DETECT

PANCREATIC, OVARIAN AND LUNGCANCER AND IT COSTS THREE CENTS

AND TAKES FIVE MINUTES TO RUN SOIT'S LIKE A DIABETIC TEST STRIP,

YOU TAKE A DROP OF BLOOD AND YOUCAN INSTANTLY DIAGNOSE THAT.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE).

>> Stephen: OKAY, ALL RIGHTPERHAPS EVEN MORE INTERESTING

THAN THE FACT YOU DID IT AT 16,YOU THOUGHT OF IT AT AGE 14?

>> YES, IN MY HIGH SCHOOLBIOLOGY CLASS.

>> Stephen: WHAT OCCURRED TOYOU?

DID YOU GET HIT OVER THE HEADAND HAVE A DREAM ABOUT -- WHAT

DAWNED ON YOU?

>> I WAS READING A SCIENTIFICARTICLE, SNEAKING IT UNDER MY

DESK.

>> Stephen: SO YOU WEREGOOFING OFF LIKE KIDS DO BY

READING SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES.

I KNOW HIGH SCHOOL FRESHMEN.

GO AHEAD.

(LAUGHTER)>> AND WHAT HAPPENED IS WE WERE

LEARNING ABOUT THESE THINGSCALLED ANTIBODIES THAT LOCK A

SPECIFIC PROTEIN.

>> Stephen: DON'T PATRONIZEME, I KNOW WHAT YOU'RE TALKING

ABOUT.

(LAUGHTER)>> ESSENTIALLY I THOUGHT MAYBE I

CAN STICK THESE TWO THINGSTOGETHER AND MAKE SOMETHING

COOL.

>> Stephen: SHOW THE GOODPEOPLE THE COOL THING YOU DID.

>> SO HERE'S ONE OF MY TESTSTRIPS AND ESSENTIALLY WHAT

HAPPENED -->> Stephen: A TEST TRIP?

LIKE A CREST WHITE STRIP?

DO I PUT THIS ON MY TEETH?

WHAT IS THIS?

>> IT'S LIKE A DIABETIC TESTSTRIP.

IT'S MADE OF A CARBON SUBSTANCETHAT TRACKS CERTAIN PROTEINS OUT

OF YOUR BLOODSTREAM.

>> Stephen: CARBON LIKECHARCOAL, THAT KIND OF CARBON.

>> SINGLE WALL WALLED CARBONNANO TUBES.

LONG THIN TYPES OF CARBONS THATARE 150,000th THE DIAMETER

OF YOUR HAIR.

THEY'RE REALLY SMALL.

THEN I CREATEDDED THIS IN MYGARAGE AND ESSENTIALLY YOU JUST

STICK IT IN THERE AND YOU TAKETHIS $50 METER AND JUST PUT IT

LIKE THAT AND YOU CAN SEE IF YOUHAVE PANCREATIC CANCER.

>> Stephen: AND DO I?

>> WELL, THERE'S NO BLOOD ONHERE YET.

>> Stephen: SO I PUT BLOOD ONHERE?

>> JUST A DROP OF BLOOD.

>> Stephen: SO YOU COULD BUYTHIS ADD RADIOSHACK.

>> I ACTUALLY GOT THIS FROM HOMEDEPOT.

(LAUGHTER).

>> Stephen: HOW OLD WERE YOUWHEN YOU GOT INTERESTED IN THIS?

>> I SUPPOSE I STARTED DOINGSERIOUS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH WHEN

I WAS IN SIXTH GRADE.

MY MIDDLE SCHOOL MADE ITMANDATORY AND THEY KIND OF LIKE

MADE IT INTO A "HUNGER GAMES"TYPE COMPETITION WHERE --

(LAUGHTER).

>> Stephen: REALLY.

>> IT WAS A BLOOD SPORT.

THEY HUNG A LAPTOP OVER 300 KIDSAND SAID "WHOEVER WINS GET THIS

IS."

>> Stephen: WHO WON?

>> I DID THREE YEARS.

(LAUGHTER)(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)

>> Stephen: HAVE YOU THOUGHTABOUT USING YOUR POWERS FOR

EVIL?

(LAUGHTER)BECAUSE THIS IS THE AGE AT WHICH

NORMALLY SUPERVILLAINS MAKE THETURN.

>> NO, RIGHT NOW I'M WORKING ONOPEN ACCESS SO THAT EVERYONE CAN

ACCESS THESE DIFFERENTSCIENTIFIC ARTICLES AND SO NO

MATTER WHERE YOU'RE FROM YOU CANDO SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.

>> Stephen: DO YOU OWN THIS?

>> YEAH, I HAVE THEINTERNATIONAL PATENT ON THIS

TECHNOLOGY AND -->> Stephen: CHA-CHING, RIGHT?

(LAUGHTER)>> WELL, IT'S NOT ABOUT THE

MONEY FOR ME IT'S ABOUT SAVINGAS MANY LIVES AS POSSIBLE.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)>> Stephen: BUT YOU'RE ALSO A

TEENAGER.

YOU GOT OTHER THINGS YOU'D LIKETO DO WHEN YOU'RE NOT DOING

THIS.

IS IT HARD BEING SOMEBODY WHO'SCOME UP WITH SOMETHING THAT CAN

DETECT CANCER AT THE SAME TIMEYOU JUST ARE JUST A TEENAGER --

LIKE WHEN YOU WATCH "GLEE" DOYOU THINK TO YOURSELF "I JUST

WASTED AN HOUR, VICTIM SAVED TENPEOPLE'S LIVES."

>> NO, I THINK THAT HOUR WASWELL SPENT EVERY SINGLE DAY.

HOWEVER, I DO MAKE UP FOR ITBECAUSE I OFTEN SLEEP OVER IN

THE LAB.

I KIND OF LIKE GO INTO THESTAIRWELL AND THERE'S A BUNCH OF

SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES AND YOU CANSPREAD THEM OUT INTO A NICE

PILLOW SOMETIMES SO -->> Stephen: WOW.

>> I MISSED MY BIRTHDAY FOR THEPAST TWO YEARS BECAUSE OF THAT.

(AUDIENCE REACTS).

>> Stephen: SO YOU DON'T KNOWWHETHER YOU MISSED YOUR BIRTHDAY

OR NOT.

(LAUGHTER)IT SOUNDS LIKE YOU SPEND A LOT

OF TIME IN THE LAB WITH ADULTS.

DO YOU SPEND MUCH TIME WITHOTHER TEENAGERS?

>> OH, YEAH, I'M NOT LIKE THATWEIRD KID WHO JUST SPENDS ALL OF

HIS TIME IN THE LAB.

(LAUGHTER)>> Stephen: I DIDN'T SAY

ANYTHING ABOUT WEIRD.

(LAUGHTER)HOW ABOUT HOPEFUL AND VERY

TALENTED KID WHO SPENDS ALL OFHIS TIME IN THE LAB.

I WANT TO MAKE SURE YOU'REHAVING SOME FUN BECAUSE I'VE GOT

TO SAY FOR YOUR SOCIAL LIFETHAT'S A GREAT PICKUP LINE.

YOU KNOW "HEY, DO YOU HAVEPANCREATIC CANCER?

WOULD YOU LIKE TO FIND OUT?"(LAUGHTER)

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)JACK ANDRAKA!

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)JACK ANDRAKA, WE'LL BE RIGHT

BACK!

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)