Neil deGrasse Tyson Pt. 1

  • Aired:  03/10/14
  •  | Views: 95,487

Neil deGrasse Tyson discusses his lifelong passion for astrophysics and shares a clip from his science series, "Cosmos." (7:28)

WELCOME BACK, EVERYBODY, MYGUEST TONIGHT IS THE HOST OF

COSMOS, VIEWED IN 45LANGUAGES, 171 COUNTRIES BUT

ONLY ONE UNIVERSE, PLEASEWELCOME NEIL DEGRASSE TYSON.

NEIL, GOOD TO SEE YOU AGAIN,THANKS FOR COMING BACK.

>> THANK YOU, THANK YOU.

WELL, WELL, WELL.

>> I LOVE WHAT YOU HAVE DONEWITH THE PLACE.

>> THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

>> THIS IS A LIVE FEED FROMTHE UNIVERSE.

>> THIS IS FROM THE COSMOSRIGHT NOW.

>> EVERY SIGHT LINE WE HAVEIS LIVE FEED FROM THE

UNIVERSE.

>> Stephen: DON'T BLOW MYMIND YET, OKAY.

WE HAVE THE WHOLE SHOW TO DOIT HERE.

YOU CAN'T BLOW MY MIND INTHE FIRST TEN SECONDS, ALL

RIGHT?

>> ALL RIGHT.

>> Stephen: GOOD TO SEE YOUAGAIN.

>> THANK YOU, IT'S BEENAWHILE.

>> Stephen: THIS IS YOURTENTH TIME ON THE SHOW.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)NO GUEST HAS BEEN ON AS MANY

TIMES.

I KNEW YOU BEFORE YOU WERE AGLOBAL SUPERSTAR, ALL RIGHT.

I GET MY BEAK WET ON THISONE, YOU OWE ME A LITTLE

SOMETHING ON THIS ONE.

NOW FOR THE FEW PEOPLE DON'TKNOW AROUND THE GLOBE

WATCHING RIGHT NOW, DIRECTOROF THE HAYDEN PLANETARIUM,

MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY INNEW YORK.

WROTE TEN BOOK, RECEIVED THENASA DISTINGUISHED PUBLIC

SERVICE MEDAL AND HOST OFCOSMOS, SPACE TIME ODYSSEY

WHICH PREMIERED LAST NIGHTON FOX.

>> I LIKE THAT.

>> Stephen: THIS IS SPACETIME, SPACE TIME RIGHT HERE.

(APPLAUSE)NOW WE ALL WATCHED SHOW WHEN

WE WERE KIDS WITH CARL SAGAN,WHAT IS IT LIKE TO STEP INTO

HIS TURTLENECK?

(LAUGHTER)YOU KNEW SAGAN.

>> I HAVE A LITTLE ONE HERE,A LITTLE HOMAGE.

>> Stephen: AMERICANS NEVERGOT TO SEE SAGAN'S NECK.

WE NEVER KNEW WHAT IT LOOKEDLIKE.

WHAT IS IT LIKE STEPPINGINTO HIS SHOE, DID YOU KNOW

HIM?

>> WE MET WHEN I WAS IN HIGHSCHOOL.

I WAS A 17-YEAR-OLD KID,BORN IN THE BRONX WHERE I'M

FROM.

AND I-- BRONX IN THE HOUSE.

SO I, MY APPLICATION TOCOLLEGES WERE DRIPPING WITH

THE UNIVERSE BECAUSE I HADKNOWN I HAD WANTED TO

DO THIS SINCE I WAS NINE, I HADAN ANSWER FOR ALL THOSE

ADULTS THAT ASK THEANNOYING QUESTION, WHAT DO

YOU WANT TO BE WHEN YOU GROWUP.

BY THE TIME I WAS 11 I SAIDASTROPHYSICIST AND THEY

WOULD JUST WALK AWAY.

THEY QUICKLY ENDED THATCONVERSATION.

SO UNKNOWN TO ME, THEADMISSIONS OFFICE AT CORNELL

FORWARDED MY APPLICATION TOCARL SAGAN FOR HIM TO REACT.

AND HE THEN SENT ME APERSONAL LETTER, THERE IT

WAS, CARL-- HE HAD ALREADYBEEN ON THE TONIGHT SHOW,

BEST SELLING BOOKS, ALREADYFAMOUS AND HE INVITED ME

TO CORNELL TO HELP ME DECIDEWHETHER I WOULD CHOOSE

CORNELL FOR MY COLLEGE.

(APPLAUSE)THAT'S NOT EVEN IT.

I WENT UP, I WENT TO CORNELL,HE GREETED ME OUTSIDE.

AND WE WENT INTO HIS OFFICE,HE REACHED BACK, DIDN'T EVEN

LOOK, PULLED OUT ONE OF HISBOOKS, SIGNED IT TO ME, I

STILL HAVE THAT BOOK.

AND I JUST THOUGHT THAT WASJUST COOL.

HE DIDN'T EVEN HAVE TO LOOKWHICH BOOK HE WAS PULLING

OUT AND HE WROTE THE BOOK,RIGHT.

SO, SO THEN HE TOOK ME BACKTO THE CORNELL, ITHACA, NEW

YORK, STARTED SNOWING AS ITALWAYS DOES.

>> Stephen: ALL THROUGHSUMMER.

>> AND HE WAS WORRIED THATTHE BUS WOULDN'T GET THROUGH

AND HE WROTE DOWN HIS HOMEPHONE NUMBER.

HE SAID IF THE BUS DOESN'TCOME THROUGH, CALL ME.

SPEND THE NIGHT WITH MYFAMILY, LEAVE TOMORROW.

AND I SAID WHO AM I TO HIM.

AND SO I REALIZED, THIS ISAN EXTRAORDINARY BEHAVIOR

FOR SOMEONE WHO IS FAMOUS.

AND I SAID IF I AM EVERREMOTELY THAT FAMOUS

I'M GOING TO TREAT STUDENTSTHE WAY HE TREATED ME SO IT

AFFECTED ME THE REST OF MYLIFE.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)>> Stephen: I JUST WANT TO

SAY FOR THE RECORD, IF THEREANY STUDENTS OUT THERE WHO

GET CAUGHT IN A SNOWSTORM,YOU MAY NOT STAY WITH ME.

(LAUGHTER)LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT COSMOS.

>> THE COSMIC CALENDARBEGINS ON JANUARY 1st, WITH

THE BIRTH OF OUR UNIVERSE.

DID CONTAINS EVERYTHINGTHAT'S HAPPENED SINCE THEN

UP TO NOW, WHICH ON THISCALENDAR IS MIDNIGHT

DECEMBER 31st.

ON THIS SCALE, EVERY MONTHREPRESENTS ABOUT A BILLION

YEARS.

EVERY DAY, REPRESENTS NEARLY40 MILLION YEARS.

LET'S GO BACK AS FAR AS WECAN TO THE VERY FIRST MOMENT

IN THE UNIVERSE.

JANUARY 1st.

THE BIG BANG.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)IT'S AS FAR BACK AS WE CAN

SEE IN TIME.

FOR NOW.

>> Stephen: NOW HOW MUCHSUNSCREEN DID YOU HAVE TO

PUT ON BEFORE THEY EXPLODED.

>> THE FLAME PROOF SUIT.

>> Stephen: HERE'S WHAT BUGSME, OKAY, YOU SAY IN THAT

LITTLE THING THAT ALL OFHUMAN HISTORY IS THE LAST 14

SECONDS.

>> ALL WRITTEN HUMANHISTORY.

>> Stephen: IN THE LAST 14SECONDS OF THE CALENDAR YEAR,

HOW DO WE KNOW THAT ANYTHINGHAPPENED BEFORE THOSE 14

SECONDS IF IT WASN'T WRITTENDOWN?

AREN'T YOU SCIENTISTS JUSTGUESSING ALL THAT STUFF?

LIKE THE BIG BANG, LIKE ALLOF THE REST OF THAT COSMIC

CALENDAR YEAR, ISN'T THATKIND OF JUST A

GUESSTIMICATION?

>> NO.

>> Stephen: NO?

>> WE NEED WRITTEN HISTORYTO SEE WHO LIVES AND WHAT

THEY DID AS INDIVIDUALS ANDWHO WAS KING AND QUEEN

AND -->> HOW MUCH GRAIN THERE WAS.

>> THAT IS WHAT THEIRWRITTEN STUFF, WE DON'T NEED

THE WRITTEN STUFF TO TELL USABOUT THE GEOLOGY OR ASTRO

PHYSICS, IT'S JUST TO GETHUMAN ACTIVITIES ON THE MAP.

OTHERWISE, LEAVE IT OUT.

I WILL TELL YOU-- WHERE THERIVERS FLOWED, WHERE THE

SEDIMENTS WERE LAID.

WHERE THE-- WE GOT THAT.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)I'M JUST SAYING.

>> Stephen: IN LAST NIGHT'SSHOW, I'M-- YOU ALSO TOOK A

COUPLE OF POTSHOTS AT MYCATHOLIC CHURCH.

YOU MADE THE SLANDEROUSACCUSATION THAT THE CATHOLIC

CHURCH WAS RESPONSIBLE FORTHE DEATH OF SCIENTISTS AN

PEOPLE WITHOUT DID NOT AGREEWITH THE CHURCH WHERE.

DID YOU GET THESEACCUSATIONS OTHER THAN FROM

HISTORY BOOKS?

>> IN FACT, THE PEOPLE WHOPUT GEEDONEO BRUNO TO DEATH

WHO WAS OUR HERO OF THATSTORY, WAS NOT THE CATHOLIC

CHURCH T WAS THE ROMANAUTHORITIES AND WE SAY THAT.

>> OH REALLY.

>> YEAH.

SO-- WITH.

>> SO THE CATHOLIC CHURCHHAS BEEN GOOD FOR SCIENCE.

I ACCEPT YOUR APOLOGY.

>> TECHNICALLY THEIR HANDSARE CLEAN OF HIS DEATH

BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T BURN HIMAT THE STAKE, THE ROMAN

AUTHORITIES BURNED HIM ATTHE STAKE, TECHNICALLY

BUT THEY WERE EXECUTINGTHE-- I MEAN THAT WAS THE

PUNISHMENT.

>> Stephen: THEY WERE JUSTOBEYING ORDERS.

>> SO, SO THE POINT IS WEMADE IT CLEAR, IT WAS THE

INQUISITION THAT WASRESPONSIBLE HERE.

SO THAT'S A PIECE OF WHATWAS THEN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH

AND IT IS A PIECE THAT IS NOLONGER.

>> Stephen: OKAY.

SO YOU'RE NOT AFRAID OFBEING BURNED AT THE STAKE

FOR THIS SHOW.

>> NO.

>> Stephen: SO IF YOU HAVETHE COURAGE STICK AROUND

BECAUSE I'VE GOT SOME KINDLINGTO PUT AT YOUR FEET

WHEN WE COME BACK.

WE'LL BE RIGHT BACK WITH

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