Melinda Gates

  • Aired:  09/27/11
  •  | Views: 19,573

Melinda Gates believes employing effective teachers is the single most important thing that can be done to fix America's public school system. (6:47)

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)

>> Stephen: MY GUEST TONIGHT IS

HERE TO TALK ABOUT HOW IMIMPROVE

OUR PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

TONIGHT SHE'LL BE SITTING AT THE

COOL KIDS' TABLE.

PLEASE WELCOME MELINDA GATES!

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)

SO NICE TO MEET YOU, THANK YOU

VERY MUCH FOR COMING ON.

>> GLAD TO.

>> Stephen: NOW THEN, MELINDA.

>> YES, STEPHEN.

>> Stephen: AS YOU KNOW, YOU AND

I ARE THE SOLE MEMBERS OF THE

STEPHEN AND MELINDA GATES

FOUNDATION.

>> SO I HEAR.

>> Stephen: AND I'M NOT SEEN YOU

AS MANY OF THE BOARD MEETINGS.

>> HAVEN'T YOU BEEN E-MAILING

ME?

THAT'S HOW WE DO THESE THINGS.

>> Stephen: I HAVE AND I HAVE

BEEN GETTING CEASE AND DESIST

ORDERS FROM YOUR STAFF.

WE'LL GET TO THE MATTER OF YOUR

DUES LATER.

(LAUGHTER)

BUT FIRST YOUR HUSBAND AND YOU

ARE THE LEADERS AND CREATORS OF

THE BILL AND MELINDA GATES

FOUNDATION.

AM I PRONOUNCING... BILL?

>> YOU GOT THAT RIGHT.

>> Stephen: OKAY, YOU HAVE MANY

GOALS, SOME OF WHICH ARE

ERADICATING MALARIA AND POLIO IN

AFRICA AND ALSO TO IMPROVE

EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

>> RIGHT.

>> Stephen: WHICH IS A GREATER

SDMAJ ERADICATING DISEASE OR

IMPROVING AMERICA'S SCHOOLS?

(LAUGHTER)

>> WELL, IT'S INTERESTING, WE

OFTEN TALK ABOUT THIS BECAUSE

ERADICATING DISEASES IS REALLY,

REALLY DIFFICULT.

BUT I THINK THE THING THAT WE

WILL BE AT FOR A LIFETIME

BECAUSE IT IS SO HARD IS TRYING

TO IMPROVE THE U.S. PUBLIC

SCHOOL SYSTEM.

AND WE DO BOTH, THOUGH, BECAUSE

WE BELIEVE IN THE DEVELOPING

WORLD YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO GROW

UP AND LIVE A HEALTHY LIFE AND

MOST PEOPLE DON'T GET THAT START

IN LIFE BUT IN THE U.S. PEOPLE

GENERALLY GROW UP TO LIVE A

HEALTHY LIFE BUT THEY NEED TO

HAVE A GREAT EDUCATION SYSTEM

AND WE DON'T HAVE A GREAT

EDUCATION SYSTEM TODAY, WE

REALLY DON'T.

>> Stephen: NOW, WHY NOT?

BECAUSE WE THROW A TON OF CASH

AT OUR EDUCATION SYSTEM.

>> WE DO.

>> AND YOU GUYS-- AND I DON'T

MEAN TO BE CRASS-- HAVE EVEN

MORE CASH.

(LAUGHTER)

ARE YOU JUST THROWING GOOD MONEY

AFTER BAD HERE BY DONATING TO

OUR SCHOOL SYSTEM?

>> WELL, THE U.S. STATES SPEND

ABOUT $500 BILLION EVERY SINGLE

YEAR ON THE PUBLIC SCHOOL

SYSTEM.

WE ARE PUTTING IN ABOUT $5

BILLION BASICALLY OVER THE NEXT

FEW YEARS.

BUT ALLñr PHILANTHROPIC MONEY CAN

DO IS BE A CATALYTIC WEDGE.

WE CAN LOOK AT THE PLACES WHERE

PEOPLE HAVEN'T ANSWERED THE

QUESTIONS OR ASKED SOME OF THE

QUESTIONS AND SAY WHAT IS IT WE

REALLY NEED TO DO TO FIX THIS?

AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WE

LEARNED IS THAT HAVING AN

EFFECTIVE TEACHER AT THE FRONT

OF THE CLASSROOM IS THE

SINGLE-MOST IMPORTANT THING THAT

WE CAN DO IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOL

SYSTEM.

>> Stephen: HOW DO YOU FIGURE

THAT OUT BECAUSE...

(APPLAUSE)

THANK YOU.

(LAUGHTER)

HOW DO YOU FIGURE OUT WHO'S A

GOOD TEACHER AND WHO'S A BAD

TEACHER?

BECAUSE TEACHERS TEST BUT THEY

DON'T WANT TO BE TESTED.

>> YEAH, AND THIS IS EXACTLY

WHAT WE ASK OURSELVES.

WE SAID HOW DO YOU KNOW WHETHER

THE TEACHER IS BEING EFFECTIVE

IN THE CLASSROOM AND SO WE GOT 3

TEACHERS SIGNED IN SIX DIFFERENT

SCHOOL DISTRICTS TO ALLOW US TO

VIDEOTAPE THEM AND TO START TO

TAKE....

>> Stephen: AT SCHOOL.

>> ATÑi

IN THE CLASSROOM.

(LAUGHTER)

>> AND WE STARTED TO LOOK AT

WHAT IS IT THAT THEY DA DO?

IF THEIR KIDS ARE DOING WELL ON

THE TEST AT THE END OF THE YEAR,

WHAT IS IT THEY'RE DOING IN THE

CLASSROOM?

WE'RE STARTING TO LEARN SOME

INTERESTING THINGS.

THE RESEARCH IS NOT FINISHED YET

BUT SOME OF THE THINGS WE'VE

LEARNED IS THAT THEY MANAGE THE

CLASSROOM REALLY WELL.

THEY GET THE THINGS TO THINK

VERY CRITICALLY ABOUT THAT

ENGLISH ESSAY THEY'RE WRITING

AND IF THE KID DOESN'T EXPLAIN

IT THEY GO BACK UNTIL THE KID

DOES GET IT.

IF YOU MEASURE THE TEACHER ON A

MULTIPLE SET OF THINGS IT'S

PREDICTIVE OF WHETHER THAT KID

IS GOING TO DO WELL ON THAT

TEST.

>> Stephen: WHAT ABOUT THE PLAN

GOING FORTH IN WISCONSIN RIGHT

NOW WHICH IS TO DECERTIFY THE

TEACHERS AND CUT THEIR BENEFITS.

DOES THAT HELP THE KIDS IN ANY

WAY?ñr

TER)(L

>> I THINK ACROSS THE MESH

SCHOOL SYSTEM, WE'RE SEEING EVEN

RIGHT TO WORK STATES ARE NOT

GETTING KIDS PREPARED AND

GETTING READY TO GO ON TO

COLLEGE SO WE NEED TO DO THINGS

TO SUPPORT THESE TEACHERS.

ONE OF THESE THINGS OVER 40

STATES HAVEÑi SIGNED UP TO DO IS

TO HAVE STANDARDS THAT SAY THIS

IS WHAT A KID NEEDS TO KNOW IN

ALGEBRA BY THE END OF NINTH

GRADE.

THIS IS WHAT THEY NEED TO KNOW

ABOUT ENGLISH LANGUAGE ART AND

ONCE YOU THAT YOU CAN OPEN UP

THE MARKET TO GET LOTS OF GREAT

CURRICULUM THAT ANY TEACHER THEN

CAN GO LOOK UP ON THE INTERNET

OR LOOK UP IN A BOOK TO CREATE

THEIR OWN CURRICULUM TO TEACH

KIDS IN CREATIVE WAYS.

>> Stephen: YOU AND YOUR HUSBAND

HAVE PLEDGED TO GIVE AWAY 90% OF

YOUR WEALTH TO CHARITABLE

ENDEAVORS.

(CHEERS AND APPLAUSE)

IT SOUNDS GOOD BUT HOW ARE YOU

GOING TO PUT FOOD ON THE TABLE?

(LAUGHTER)

AND THEN THE TABLE ON A VERANDA

AND THER HAVE RABB DA ON THE

PENINSULA.

WHY AREN'T YOU LEAVING THINGS

FOR YOUR KIDS?

DON'T THEY DESERVE THE SAME LIFE

THAT YOU HAVE?

>> WELL, BILL AND I JUST REALLY

FEEL LIKE, YOU KNOW, THE

RESOURCES THAT HAVE COME FROM

MICROSOFT FROM WHAT THIS

CREATIVE WITH THAT COMPANY

SHOULD GO BACK TO SOCIETY.

WE FEEL LIKE WE BENEFITED SO

MUCH BY LIVING IN THE UNITED

STATES.

WE FEEL SO LUCKY TO HAVE THE

EDUCATION WE HAVE AND SO WE WANT

TO CHANGE THINGS IN THE UNITED

STATES AND IN SOME PLACES

OUTSIDE THE U.S.

>> Stephen: BUT YOU'RE LOOEFG

YOUR CHILDREN ONLY 10% OF $60

BILLION!

GET OUT IN THE WORLD!

MAKE YOUR OWN WAY!

>> WE ACTUALLY HAVEN'T PUT A

NUMBER ON WHAT WE'RE GOING TO

LEAVE THE KIDS.

>> Stephen: CAN I PUT A NUMBER

ON WHAT YOU COULD LEAVE HE?

BECAUSE I HAVE TO TELL YOU IT

MUST BE SUCH A BURDEN TO HAVE TO

GIVE THIS MONEY AWAY AND NOT

KNOW EXACTLY WHO TO GIVE IT TO.

YOU REMEMBER ANDREW CARNEGIE HE

GAVE AWAY ALL OF HIS MONEY?

REMEMBER ANDREW CARNEGIE?

HE GAVE AWAY ALL HIS MONEY AND

LOOK WHAT IT DID TO HIM.

(LAUGHTER)

YOU DON'T WANT THIS TO HAPPEN TO

YOU, MELINDA GATES.

(APPLAUSE)

>> LET ME SAVE YOU FROM THAT!

GIVE ME YOUR MONEY.

I PROMISE SOMEONE WILL GET IT

EVENTUALLY.

PERSONALLY I WANT TO THANK YOU

FOR SUPPORTING DONORS CHOOSE

BECAUSE I'M ON THE BOARD.

(APPLAUSE)

AND BESIDES THE HUNDRED THOUSAND

DOLLAR CHALLENGE YOU PUT OUT TO

MY FANS YOU HAVE BEEN SUPPORTING

DONORS CHOOSE FOR YEARS AND IT'S

A GREAT ORGANIZATION.

I ENCOURAGE EVERYONE TO GO ON

LINE, GO TOñr

STEPHENANDMEL LINDA

GATESFOUNDATION.ORG AND UPLOAD

YOUR PHOTO.

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