Nicholas Negroponte

  • Aired:  10/25/10
  •  | Views: 25,336

Nicholas Negroponte wants to give laptop computers to children in third-world countries so they can communicate with the rest of the world. (5:21)

MY GUEST TONIGHT, MY GUEST

TONIGHT WANTS TO GIVE LAPTOP

COMPUTERS TO CHILDREN THIS

THIRD-WORLD COUNTRIES.

FINE, RIGHT AFTER THEY FINISH

MAKING OUR LAPTOPS.

PLEASE WELCOME NICHOLAS

NEGROPONTE.

( CHEERS AND APPLAUSE )

HEY, MR. NEGROPONTE, PLEASURE TO

MEET YOU.

THANKS SO MUCH FOR COMING ON.

NOW, YOUR NEW PROJECT, YOU WERE

CO-FOUNDER AND DIRECTOR OF THE

M.I.T. MEDIA LAB?

>> YEAH.

>> Stephen: SUPER BRAINY NERD

TOWN INSTITUTION.

RIGHT?

>> IT'S MADE FOR ARTISTS AND

SCIENTISTS.

>> Stephen: REALLY?

IS THERE LIKE A SAND PIT?

>> YEP.

>> Stephen: YOU'RE ON LEAVE

RIGHT NOW BECAUSE YOU HAVE A NEW

MISSION.

IT'S CALLED ONE LAPTOP PER

CHILD.

>> EXACTLY.

>> Stephen: LET'S SHOW THE

PEOPLE.

THIS IS THE LAPTOP RIGHT HERE.

IT'S A SMALL LAPTOP.

WHAT ARE YOU DOING WITH THESE?

>> WE'RE GIVING IT TO THE

POOREST AND MOST REMOTE CHILDREN

IN THE WORLD.

TOO AFGHANISTAN, ETHIOPIA,

MONGOLIA.

>> Stephen: WHY DO KIDS IN

MONGOLIA NEED TO GET ON

FACEBOOK?

>> THEY WANT TO GET ON FACEBOOK

IN ORDER TO COMMUNICATE TO THE

REST OF THE WORLD AND HAVE

ACCESS TO ALL THE THINGS THAT

OUR KIDS HAVE, BE ABLE TO BE ON

THE INTERNET TO LEARN.

WHAT THIS ALLOWS US TO DO IS TO

BASICALLY DRIVE THEIR OWN

LEARNING BECAUSE SCHOOLS... LET

ME TAKE AFGHANISTAN.

25% OF THE TEACHERS ARE

ILLITERATE.

>> Stephen: REALLY?

>> 50% OF KIDS DON'T GO TO

SCHOOL.

75% OF GIRLS DON'T GO TO SCHOOL.

>> Stephen: IS THE COMPUTER

ITSELF THE TEACHER?

>> IT IS THE VEHICLE THROUGH

WHICH THE CHILD LEARN, AND, YES,

IT HELPS CHILDREN TEACH OTHER

CHILDREN.

SO THIS IS A WAY TO LEARN

WITHOUT BUILDING ALL THE

SCHOOLS.

WHEN YOU HAVE SO LITTLE, THIS IS

THE WAY TO GO.

>> Stephen: I'M GOING TO SOUND

LIKE A MONSTER FOR SAYING, THIS

BUT IF KIDS IN THIRD-WORLD

COUNTRIES ARE GETTING THESE

COMPUTERS AND THEY ARE, YOU

KNOW, LEARNING AND IMPROVING

THEMSELVES, WHO IS GOING TO MAKE

OUR CHEAP CLOTHING AND DIG OUR

BLOOD DIAMONDS?

AND I DON'T MEAN TO BE A MONSTER

BY SAYING THAT.

AM I?

DO YOU THINK I'M A MONSTER?

>> NO.

THE ANSWER IS EASY.

>> Stephen: WHAT?

>> ROBOTS.

YOU DON'T NEED PEOPLE TO DO THAT

IT'S CHEAPER TO HAVE ROBOTS DO

IT.

>> Stephen: REALLY?

>> YES.

>> Stephen: WELL I'M ALL FOR

BEING GOOD TO PEOPLE THEN.

HOW MANY OF THESE HAVE YOU

DISTRIBUTED SO FAR?

>> TWO MILLION.

>> Stephen: HOW MUCH DO THEY

COST, BY THE WAY IN

>> THEY COST ABOUT $180.

>>

>> Stephen: REALLY?

>> WE TRIED THE MAKE IT $100,

THEN THE DOLLAR KEPT GOING DOWN.

SO WE NEVER QUITE MADE IT.

>> Stephen: THESE KIDS FIRE

UP, LITTLE EARS COME UP LIKE

THAT AND IT OPENS LIKE THAT AND

KIDS CAN TURN THEM AROUND LIKE A

BOOK OR SOMETHING.

>> ABSOLUTELY.

BOOKS ARE VERY EXPENSIVE.

WE CAN PUT 100 BOOKS ON ONE OF

THOSE WITHOUT TAKING UP MUCH

MEMORY.

YOU SEND 100 INTO A VILLAGE,

EACH HAS 100 DIFFERENT BOOKS.

THAT VILLAGE NOW HAS 10,000

BOOKS.

YOU AND I DIDN'T HAVE 10,000

BOOKS.

>> Stephen: YOU SAY THIS IS

GOING TO KILL THE PRINTED BOOK.

>> ABSOLUTELY.

>> Stephen: WHY?

I LOVE THAT IDEA, BUT IS IT

GOING TO DO IT?

>> THE PHYSICAL BOOK IS A LUXURY

AND YOU CAN'T SHIP ENOUGH OF

THEM.

IF I'M DOING 10,000 IN 500,000

VILLAGES IN AFRICA, 500,000

VILLAGES IN INDIA, I CAN'T SHIP

THEM ALL 10,000 BOOKS.

BY THE WAY, THIS HAS ANOTHER

PROPERTY.

CAN I DO IT?

>> I DON'T WANT TO BREAK YOUR

STAGE.

>> YOU CAN'T DO THAT WITH MOST

COMPUTERS.

AND SO THE KIDS...

>> Stephen: CAN I DO THAT?

THAT LOOKS ENTERTAINING.

>> YOU CAN DO IT, YEAH, YEAH.

>> Stephen: SO THIS THING

IS...

>> YEAH, YEAH.

>> Stephen: WOW.

>> SO IT COULD BE A MURDER

WEAPON.

>> Stephen: IT COULD BE.

NO ONE WOULD SUSPECT THAT.

( LAUGHTER )

WHAT DO YOU NEED TO GET MORE OF

THESE INTO THE HANDS OF PEOPLE

AROUND THE WORLD?

>> WHAT I NEED IS MONEY TO GET

THEM TO KIDS IN THE REALLY POOR

COUNTRIES.

SEE, THE COUNTRIES LIKE PERU AND

URUGUAY, POOR COUNTRIES, EVERY

CHILD IN THE COUNTRY, EVERY

SINGLE ONE HAS GOT ONE OF THOSE

COMPUTERS, AND MANY OF THOSE

KIDS ARE TEACHING THEIR PARENTS

HOW TO READ AND WRITE.

>> Stephen: ARE WE GOING TO...

THAT'S POWER IN THE HANDS OF

CHILDREN.

>> YOU BET IT IS.

IT IS POWER.

AND THOSE KIDS ARE GOING TO GROW

UP WITH A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT

POINT OF VIEW ON WHAT LIFE

MEANS, HOW TO GET SORT OF...

>> Stephen: ARE WE GIVING ANY

OF THESE TO AMERICAN KIDS?

>> WE CERTAINLY SHOULD BE.

>> Stephen: WE GOT SOME POOR

KIDS IN AMERICA, TOO.

>> BUT THERE IS A DIFFERENT

SCALE.

>> Stephen: SHOULDN'T WE GIVE

IT TO THE AMERICAN KIDS WHO CAN

FIGHT BACK AGAINST BECOMING

URUGUAYANS.

>> NATIONALISM IS A DISEASE.

>> Stephen: NATIONALISM IS A

DISEASE?

>> IT'S A BIG DISEASE, THE

BIGGEST DISEASE.

WE'RE 5% OF THE WORLD.

>> Stephen: WE'RE THE BEST 5%

OF THE WORLD.

( APPLAUSE )

WELL MR. NEGROPONTE, THANK YOU

SO MUCH.